Abstract: Background and aim of the study: Cerebrovascular diseases are leading cause of death worldwide.
Acute ischemic cerebrovascular events, including ischemic stroke (IS) , transient ischemic attack, and lacunar
syndromes, have been reported in hepatitis C virus infected patients. Various surveys were designed to study the
associations and pathophysiology of ischemic stroke in patients with hepatitis C virus infected patients. The purpose
of our work was to determine the Characteristics of ischemic stroke in hepatitis C virus infected patients. Patients
and Methods: Forty ischemic stroke patients with positive hepatitis C virus antibodies compared with 20 ischemic
stroke patients with negative hepatitis C virus antibodies. We examined traditional vascular risk factors, stroke
severity, carotid atherosclerosis, and a range of radiological and laboratory markers. The results: IS patients with
positive hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies were significantly younger (62.8±7.7, versus 67.3±7, P= 0.007). The
risk of stroke recurrence is significantly higher in ischemic stroke with positive HCV antibodies (32.2% versus 5%,
P=0.028), with larger numbers (P=0.026) but smaller sizes (4.544 cm3 versus 17.492 cm3, P=0.007) in addition to
significantly higher association with carotid atherosclerosis (73.3% versus 28.5%., P=0.047) and less severe stroke
(P=0.028) than those with negative hepatitis C virus antibodies. Conclusion: Our results show that hepatitis C virus
infection can accelerate atherosclerosis and leading to stroke at a relatively younger age with increased incidence of
stroke recurrence and usually associated with small lacunar syndromes and less severe stroke.