Thirteen Egyptian accession of garlic (Allium sativum L.) were assessed for yield, earliness and some quality characteristics at the Experimental Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt during two winter successive seasons, 2010/2011 and 2011/2012. There were significant differences among genotypes for all studied characters. Beni Sweif, El-Minia and Sids 40 landraces were the earliest in maturity, while Assiut accession was the latest. Plant of Elgharbia accession was the longest, while Sids 40 accession was the shortest. Aswan and El-Faiyum accessions were the largest for bulb diameter while, El-Minia landrace was the smallest. Elgharbia accession had the greatest total soluble solids, whileGehena landrace had the lowest. Sids 40 accession exceeded all other genotypes in plant fresh weight, weight of cloves/bulb and total yield. However, Sids 40 accession had the least number of cloves/bulb. The results of this study could be useful for improving garlic production under south valley condition.