Clearance of CBD stones by either open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, or endoscopic approaches.
ABSTRACT: _BACKGROUND AND AIM__:_ 10-18% of people undergoing cholecystectomy have common bile duct (CBD) stones. Treatment may be: open CBD exploration, laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE), or pre- or post-cholecystectomy ERCP in two stages. The aim of this study is to compare CBD clearance by these procedures _PATIENTS AND METHODS__:_ 250 cases of choledocholithiasis were included from Sohag and Assuit university ... Read more