The present work was aimed to identify of rodent species and control it in the unit of food processing at the
Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University, Egypt during spring 2019 year. Because it found damage and
losses caused by rodents inside the food processing unit through a loan for tools used in manufacturing
operations,Hardware wiring loan food processing unitused and microorganisms that can be transmitted such
as some bacteria, such as E. coli, Campylobacter,Salmonella and other pathogenic may be transported from
the mouse's to food, milk and then man.The results showed that were found, one species belonged to family 
muridae, named white bellied rat, Rattusrattusfrugivorus Linnaeus. Also, the results showed that the use of
mechanical control by using traps is better than chemical control