Nanotechnology provides the means to design and fabricate delivery vehicles capable of overcoming physiologically imposed obstacles and undesirable side effects of systemic drug delivery. This protocol allows maximal targeting effectiveness and therefore enhances therapeutic efficiency. In recent years, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) have sparked interest in the nanomedicine research community, particularly for their promising applications in cancer treatment. The intrinsic physio-chemical stability, facile functionalization, high surface area, low toxicity, and great loading capacity for a wide range of chemotherapeutic agents make MSNPs very appealing candidates for controllable drug delivery systems.