the present study was designed to describe the most suitable incision site for some abdominal viscera with maximal visualization and minimal trauma. tweenty small ruminants (10sheep and 10 goats) were subjected to different forms of left flank laparotomies (cranial- miidle- caudal- low- transeverse paravertebral) organs exteriorized, examined or seen at the site of incision are also considered during this study.