Intestinal Parasitic Infections (IPIs) are a number of the maximum generic of human infections international, causing extensive morbidity and mortality particularly in children.
Our aim is to evaluate the situation of IPIs in stool and fingernails samples among primary schoolchildren in Sohag Governorate, Egypt.
This cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2015 to December 2016. Stool specimens from 200 schoolchildren were inspected macroscopically and microscopically by formol-ether sedimentation, after that staining with Kinyoun’s modified acid-fast stain. Fingernails of the children were gathered, put in tubes including 10% KOH before examination by light microscope for detection of parasites. Detailed questionnaire about clinical symptoms was done. Univariate and multivariable logistic relapse models were calculated, in the aim of detection of risk factors for parasitic infection
63.5% of children harbored at least one type of intestinal parasite. There are statistically significant differences regarding infections in contrast to residence and family size. Monoparasitized children constituted 40% while 23.5% were polyparasitized. Protozoa were more frequent than helminths parasitizing (53.5% vs 4%) of the studied children. Cryptosporidium sp., G. duodenalis and E. histolytica/ dispar were the most common parasites found, with prevalence rates of 34%, 14.5% and 13% respectively. H. nana was the most prevalent helminthic infection (5%). polyparasitzed children were more frequently symptomatized than monoparasitized children. A statistical significance was found between diarrhea and polyparasitzed children. Univariate What's more multivariable logistic relapse models were calculated; age, gender, residence, also family size were not danger figures to polyparasitism.
IPIs are very common among schoolchildren in Sohag Governorate, Egypt. Hence, there is an urgent need to implement an innovative and integrated control program to reduce the prevalence and intensity of these infections and to save those children from the negative impact of IPI as a part of the efforts to improve the quality of Sohag population life.