This paper reviews, for the first time, the measurement adsorption characteristics techniques to facilitate
optimal testing of the validity of adsorbent materials in adsorption applications. Thermo-physical properties,
adsorption characteristics and modelling techniques are presented. The characterisation of material thermophysical properties includes true and bulk densities, specific heat capacity, surface area, pore volume
distribution and thermal conductivity. The adsorption characteristics were categorized into adsorption
isotherms and kinetics including experimental and theoretical equations. A range of models used in the
simulation of adsorption cooling systems is presented and discussed. The paper highlights the conditions for
which each measurement technique is most suitable and the limitations of modelling techniques, which is a vital element in the robust assessment of the performance of adsorption cooling units.