Background:  Health care workers (HCWs) are crucial to maintaining healthcare services during COVID-19 

pandemic. One of the greatest risks to healthcare system is the potentially high rate of infections due to COVID -19 

among HCWs. 

Objective: To summarize the epidemiologic characteristics, clinical features, radiologic findings, laboratory data, and 

outcomes of  health care workers  diagnosed with  coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)  in Sohag University 


Patients and methods:  A retrospective study included  101 HCWs who were proved to have COVID-19.  HCWs with 

COVID-19 were categorized to asymptomatic cases, mild cases which included patients with mild clinical symptoms 

and normal lung computed tomography (CT), and moderate cases which included patients with  mild or moderate 

clinical features and abnormal lung CT.

Results:  89.11% of infected HCWs had no definite history of contact with a confirmed case of COVID-19. A

considerable percent of the patients presented with non-respiratory symptoms such as GIT, and neurological 

symptoms.  Patients who had  a  moderate respiratory illness  were significantly older  than those who had  a  mild 

respiratory illness  and  were more likely to have diabetes.  Home isolation was recommended in  most  cases (n=73). 

Several  cases (n=24) preferred isolation in university undergraduate houses, and 4 patients were treated at isolation 

hospital, 2 of them needed oxygen therapy.

Conclusion:  COVID-19 in  HCWs exhibited  a wide spectrum of disease severity. Symptom-based screening for 

COVID-19 in HCWs may underestimate the affected number as there is a considerable percent of asymptomatic cases. 

For HCWs’  safety, the use of protective personal  equipment  and adherence to proper hand-hygiene practice are 

important protective tools during this pandemic. Also, there is a growing need for educational  and  training programs 

for all levels of HCWs.

Keywords: COVID-19, Health care worker.