Objective: To evaluate maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes and their associated risk factors among pregnant
women with liver cirrhosis (LC). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted at Sohag University
Hospital, Egypt, between May 1, 2009, and April 1, 2012. Participants included 129 pregnant women with
LC (study group), 647 pregnant women without LC (control group 1), and 853 non-pregnant women with LC
(control group 2). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Maternal, fetal, and neonatal
complication rates were significantly higher in the study group than in control group 1 (P = 0.001 for all
complications). The rate of hepatic decompensation (HD) was higher in the study group than in control
group 2 (63.6% vs 13.6%; P = 0.001). Maternal mortality was higher in the study group (7.8%) than in either
control group 1 (0.2%) or control group 2 (2.5%; P = 0.001). Variceal bleeding during vaginal delivery was
the most frequent cause of maternal mortality. Vaginal delivery and increasing gestational age were the
key variables affecting the rate of HD (P = 0.001 for both). Conclusion: The presence of LC during pregnancy
was associated with high rates of maternal and neonatal complications. Increasing gestational age and vaginal