Cysticercus ovis or sheep measles is the larval stage of Taenia ovis, which is the intestinal tapeworm of dogs. It is found
in the cardiac and skeletal muscles of sheep and can be the cause of partial or total condemnation of carcasses at abattoirs.
The aim of the current work was to determine the prevalence of C. ovis among sheep in Upper Egypt and to present the
molecular and phylogenetic analysis of this using the amplified Mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase subunit 1 (MT-CO1)
gene. A total of 1885 sheep slaughtered at local abattoirs of 4 different governorates of Upper Egypt (Asuit, Sohag, Qena
and Aswan) were carefully examined for C. ovis. The overall prevalence of infection was 2.02%. The highest rate of infection
was observed in adult animals over 4 years of age (44.73%). There was no significant effect of animal sex on infection rates.
The phylogenic analysis of C. ovis Egyptian isolates showed very close similarity to the New Zealand isolate (AB731675).
This is the first report showing the genetic analysis of C. ovis in Egypt, which provides a very powerful tool for taxonomy
and definitive diagnosis of C. ovis, which could be helpful for preventive and control programs.